The Association of Physicians of India;
Join API Now!

Medicine Update 2013 - Contents

Foreword YP Munjal
From the Desk of Chairperson, Scientific Committee and
President Elect, API
A Muruganathan
Message of Vice-Chancellor, The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University D Shantharam
SECTION 1: Infectious Diseases
1. Amoebiasis K VGK Tilak
2. Indian Guidelines and Protocols: Malaria BN Mohapatra, CBK Mohanty
3. Indian Scenario of Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis Suma TK
4. Human Trypanosomiasis in India: Is it an Emerging New Zoonosis? Prashant P Joshi
5. Melioidosis: The Great Mimicker R Chandni
6. Scrub Typhus V Ramasubramanian, P Senthur Nambi
7. Indian Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Human Leptospirosis S Shiva Kumar
8. Chikungunya: Indian Guidelines and Protocols R Sajith Kumar
9. Swine-origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus: An Update Isaac Christian Moses
10. Recent Evidences in the Management of Nosocomial Infections NK Soni, Vishal Wadhwa, Kush Ohri
11. Approach to the Patient with Fever of Unknown Origin V Shantaram, AMVR Narendra
12. Fever in the Immunocompromised Host Mangesh Tiwaskar
13. Atypical Mycobacterial Infection  
14. HIV/AIDS in India: Journey So Far and the Road Ahead BB Rewari
15. Burden of Opportunistic Infections in HIV/AIDS Patients in the Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Era: A Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal Perspective S Bhagyabati Devi, Robinson Ningshen, Arvind G
16. Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Pregnancy PK Agrawal, Vishal Parmar
SECTION 3: Hypertension
17. Practical Guidelines for Hypertension Management NR Rau, Satish K Nayak
18. Does Your First Line Antihypertensive Reduce Death?—
The Untold Story of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Blockers
JS Bhuvaneswaran
19. Choosing a Diuretic in Hypertension: To Follow Instinct or Evidence Tiny Nair
20. Sex and Hypertension AK Pancholia
21. Interventions in Hypertension Ajay Kumar Mahajan, Anuj A Sathe,
Anup R Taksande
SECTION 4: Cardiology
22. Lead aVR: The Neglected Lead M Chenniappan
23. Exploring Pathophysiology of Acute Coronary Syndrome for Novel Biomarkers Vinod K Shah, Kavita K Shalia
24. Critical Analysis of Various Drugs Used for Thrombolytic Therapy in Acute Myocardial Infarction Gurpreet Singh Wander, Shibba Takkar Chhabra
25. Newer Advances in Coronary Intervention G Sengottuvelu
26. Advances in Management of Heart Failure and What can we do in India? KM Cherian, AG Narayanaswamy
27. Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Gandharba Ray, L Ravi Kumar
28. Cardiac Issues with Noncardiac Surgery A Kader Sahib
29. Infective Endocarditis: Indian Scenario Rajeev Gupta
30. Understanding Cardiomyopathy: Practical Guidelines Asha Moorthy, Jain T Kallarakkal
31. Contemporary Management of Sudden Cardiac Death SN Narasingan
SECTION 5: Diabetology
32. The Double Burden of Tuberculosis and Diabetes in India A Muruganathan, Vijay Viswanathan
33. Clinical Approach to Diabetes in the Young in India V Mohan, A Amutha, H Ranjani, RM Anjana,
Ranjit Unnikrishnan
34. Diabetes Prevention: Translating Science into Practice Mayur Patel
35. Guidelines on Inpatient Management of Hyperglycemia Sukhminderjit Singh Bajwa, Manash P Baruah, Sanjay Kalra, Mukul Chandra Kapoor
36. Addressing the Glucose Triad for Comprehensive Glycemic Control Binayak Sinha
37. Hemoglobin A1c: Consensus and Controversy Anil Kumar Virmani
38. Stress Hyperglycemia Anand Moses
39. Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults Banshi Saboo
40. Type 2 Diabetes in India: Challenges and Possible Solutions Ambady Ramachandran, Ananth Samith Shetty,
Arun Nanditha, Chamukuttan Snehalatha
41. Hypoglycemia and its Impact in Diabetes SM Sadikot
42. Suggested Protocols for Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in India Ranjit Unnikrishnan, V Mohan
43. Continuous Glucose Monitoring System Johny Jose Kannampilly
44. Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Indian Guidelines Seshiah V, Sahay BK, Das AK, Balaji V,
Siddharth Shah, Samar Banerjee,
A Muruganathan, Rao PV, Ammini A,
Shahsank R Joshi, Sunil Gupta, Sanjay Gupte, Hema Divakar, Sujata Misra, Uday Thanawala, Vitull K Gupta, Navneet Magon
45. Economic Burden of Diabetes Jitendra Singh
46. National Recommendations: Psychosocial Management of Diabetes
in India
Sanjay Kalra, GR Sridhar, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Rakesh Kumar Sahay
47. Anesthesia in Diabetic Patients G Vijayakumar
48. Infections in Diabetes Mellitus BK Sahay
49. Need for National Guidelines for Diabetes and Related Disorders Usha Shrivastava, Anoop Mishra
50. Delivering an Effective Foot Care for People with Diabetes Vijay Viswanathan
51. Indian National Consensus Group: National Guidelines on Initiation and Intensification of Insulin Therapy with Premixed Insulin Analogs Ashok Kumar Das, Binode Kumar Sahay,
V Seshiah, V Mohan, A Muruganathan, Ajay Kumar, Vijay Viswanathan, CR Anand Moses, Banshi Saboo, Sarita Bajaj, Sanjay Kalra,
AG Unnikrishnan, Manash P Baruah, Samit Ghosal, Awadhesh Kumar Singh,
Muralidhar S Rao, Ranjit Unnikrishnan,
S Nallaperumal, JS Kumar, V Balaji,
Arthur J Asirvatham, Bipin Kumar Sethi,
Rakesh Kumar Sahay, T Dhinakaran,
Shailaja Kale, M Shanmugavelu and others on behalf of INCG Group
52. Biopharmaceuticals and Biosimilars: A Consensus Statement Seshiah V, Das AK, Sethi BK, Moses CRA, Kumar A, Viswanathan V, Joshi SR, Balaji V, Sahay RK, Kalra S, Saboo B, Singh AK, Ghosal S, Zargar AH, Muruganathan A
SECTION 6: Gastroenterology
53. Indian Guidelines and Protocols: Hepatitis B AC Anand, Pankaj Puri
54. What is New in Hepatology? Natarajan Ravendhran
55. Guidelines for Assessment and Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Indians Shivaram Prasad Singh, Manas Kumar Panigrahi
56. Irritable Bowel Syndrome: The Indian Scenario Rajesh Upadhyay, Aesha Singh
57. Prebiotics and Probiotics: A Critical Analysis Vijay Prakash
58. Nonvariceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed Divij Mehta, Ajay Kumar
59. Management of Acute Pancreatitis: Indian Guidelines and Protocols Rakesh K Tandon
60. Management Strategies in Chronic Pancreatitis Vinita Chaudhary, Surinder Singh Rana, Chalapathi Rao, Deepak Kumar Bhasin
61. Hope at the End of the Tunnel TS Chandrasekar, BJ Gokul, TC Vivek Sandeep
62. Capsule Endoscopy: Newer Vistas VG Mohan Prasad
SECTION 7: Endocrinology
63. Guidelines for Management of Thyroid Nodules in Adults: Towards a Consensus Unnikrishnan AG
64. Hypothyroidism: Treatment Issues RV Jayakumar
65. Cushing’s Syndrome: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management KJ Shetty, R Spurgeon
66. Hirsutism: Indian Scenario AR Vijaya Kumar, VR Thilagavathy, Pavan Soleti
67. Pituitary Incidentalomas Nihal Thomas, Dukha Bandhu Naik
68. Endocrine Emergencies Shyam Kalavalapalli
69. Algorithmic Approach for the Diagnosis of Polyuria RVSN Sarma
SECTION 8: Reproduction and Sexual Medicine
70. Female Sexual Dysfunction: Indian Scenario Navneet Magon, Monica Chauhan, Bharti Kalra
71. Sexual Health at 40 Deepak K Jumani
72. Andropause: The Missing Health Uttam Kumar Paul, Anup Kr Bhattacharyya,
Salil Kumar Pal
73. Medical Management of Male Infertility RK Sahay, J Nagender Reddy
SECTION 9: Women’s Health Care
74. Innovations to Implementation: Initiatives that have Made an Impact Hema Divakar
75. Women’s Health in Ramadan Sarita Bajaj, Afreen Khan
SECTION 10: Hematology
76. Cerebral Vein Thrombosis PK Sasidharan
77. Methemoglobinemia: A Reappraisal with an Indian Perspective SV Ramanamurty
78. Indian Guidelines for Febrile Neutropenia Madhuchanda Kar, Roy Rakesh
79. Diagnosis and Management of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Vikram Mathews
80. Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Management of Multiple Myeloma:
An Update
PS Ghalaut, Soumik Chaudhuri, Ragini Singh
81. Indian Guidelines and Protocols in Oncology: Solid Tumors and Hematological Malignancies Purvish M Parikh
82. Aplastic Anemia, Apoptosis and Telomeres: Insight into Missing Link
and Clinical Implications
Sudhir Mehta, Sandhya Gulati, Nidhi Sharma
SECTION 11: Therapeutics
83. The Chennai Declaration: A Call to Action! A Muruganathan
84. Roadmap: To Tackle the Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance Abdul Ghafur, Vidyalakshmi PR,
Priyadarshini Kannaian, A Muruganathan
85. Targeted Nanomedicine and Smart Drugs Mukesh Doble
86. Newer Anti-TB Drugs and Drug Delivery Systems Alladi Mohan, D Prabath Kumar, J Harikrishna
87. Clinical Trials to Clinical Practice: Role of Sulfonylureas in
Today’s Practice
Brij Mohan Makkar, Deepak Gupta, Ajay Gainda
88. Evolution of Gliptins over the Last 5 Years Apurba Kumar Mukherjee
89. Differentiating Incretin-based Therapies: Progress and Promise of
GLP-1 Receptor Agonists
Ajay Kumar
90. Oral Anticoagulants: Current Indian Scenario Gopalakrishnan S, Srinivasan Narayanan
91. Antioxidants are Useful Jayanta K Panda, Rudrasish Samal
SECTION 12: Toxicology
92. Indian Guidelines and Protocols: Bee Sting Tarun Kumar Dutta, V Mukta
93. Scorpion Envenomation: What is New? B Rama Chandra Reddy
94. Snake Bite: Indian Guidelines and Protocol Surjit Singh, Gagandip Singh
95. Current Concepts in the Management of Organophosphorus
Compound Poisoning
V Palaniappen
SECTION 13: Rheumatology
96. Fibromyalgia: Does it Exist? If so, What is the Management? V Nagaraajan
97. Monitoring of Patients on Disease-modifying Antirheumatic Drugs Ved Chaturvedi
98. Gout in Indian Scenario Arup Kumar Kundu
99. Redefining Lupus in 2012 Subramanian Shankar, Maj Abhishek Pathak
100. Scleroderma: From Therapeutic Nihilism to Therapeutic Optimism Satyabrata Ganguly, Rajan Palui
SECTION 14: Immunology
101. Adult Immunization Asha N Shah
102. Travel Immunizations Lavanya Nutankalva
SECTION 15: Pulmonology
103. Therapeutic Options for Uncontrolled Asthma Agam Vora
104. Sleep Disordered Breathing Disorders Surendra K Sharma, Kriti Khanna,
Abhishek Sharma
105. Management of Tuberculosis: Indian Guidelines Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva
106. Pulmonary Manifestations of Tropical Parasitic Diseases Gursaran Sidhu
107. Uncommon Presentations of a Common Disease: Tuberculosis VP Gopinathan
108. Pulmonary Thromboembolism: Indian Scenario BNBM Prasad
109. Diagnosis and Management of Interstitial Lung Disease Kesavan Kutty
110. Nanotechnology at Work: Photocatalytic Oxygenation of Blood Paul Ramesh T, Subrahmanyam A,
Albert Jayakumar
111. High Altitude Mountain Sickness Vinay K Rampal
SECTION 16: Neurology
112. Cerebrospinal Fluid: A Physician’s Perspective PK Maheshwari, A Pandey
113. Clinical Approach to a Patient with Headache Gurubax Singh, Pritam Gupta, Ankur Gupta, Manoj Khanal
114. Practical Approach to the Diagnosis and Management of Insomnia SN Arya, K Rajiv, R Singh
115. Differential Diagnosis and Evaluation of Sleepiness Debajyoti Bhattacharyya, Madhu Sudan Barthwal,
Chandan Dev Singh Katoch, Puneet Saxeena
116. Indian Guidelines on Epilepsy Mrinal Kanti Roy, Dhiman Das
117. Convulsive Status Epilepticus: Treatment JMK Murthy
118. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome Gautam Bhandari
119. A Clinical Approach to Tremor Dilip Kumar Jha, Anupam Kumar Singh
120. Multiple Sclerosis: Indian Perspective Salil Gupta, AK Tewari, Velu Nair
121. Intensive Care Unit-Acquired Paresis: Spectrum of Neuromyopathies Mathew Alexander
122. Managing Critically Ill Patients with AIDP: Relevance of International Guidelines to Indian Scenario B Vengamma
123. Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation: What is New? Prafulla G Kerkar, Srivallabh Karlekar,
Vinay Jaiswal
124. Parkinson’s Disease: Medical Management N Balamurugan, M Vivekanandan
125. Management of Neurogenic Pain: Indian Perspectives K Bhanu, K Bharani, LA Ravi, AV Srinivasan
126. Brain Failure: Some Lessons K Srinivasan
SECTION 17: Nephrology
127. Urinalysis in Clinical Practice Sekhar Chakraborty
128. Acute Glomerulonephritis: Evidence-based Management MR Mazumder
129. Acute Renal Failure in India N Mohandas
130. Chronic Kidney Disease: Current Status, Challenges and Management in India Ilangovan Veerappan, Georgi Abraham
131. Emerging Biomarkers of Kidney Injury AM Bhagwati
132. Cardiorenal Syndrome: An Overview NP Singh, Anish Kumar, Taposh Sarkar
133. Fluid Therapy in Medical Disorders Sanjay Pandya
134. Newer Insight in the Management of Hyponatremia: Role of Aquaretics/Vaptans Mujahid Beg
SECTION 18: Metabolic Disorders
135. Inborn Errors of Metabolism: Disorder of Adults? Kothiwale VA, Varun Kumar B
136. Vitamin D Treatment Guidelines Michael F Holick
137. Short Stature: Evaluation and Management Preetam Nath, Jitendra Kumar, SK Hammadur Rahman, Madhukar Rai
SECTION 19: Nutrition
138. Diet as Medicine Sonia Arora, Vitull K Gupta, Meghna Gupta
139. Methylcobalamin Versus Cyanocobalamin Y Bhasker
140. Cooking Oils in Health and Disease Shilpa Joshi, Shashank R Joshi
141. Nutrition in ICU: An Overview Ketan K Mehta
142. Genetically Modified Foods: Impact on Human Health— Boon or Bane? Anupam Prakash
SECTION 20: Legal Medicine
143. Ethics in Legal Issues: Do’s and Don’ts TN Ravisankar
144. Landmark Judgments Relating to Medilaw B Cheran
SECTION 21: Medical Education
145. Empowering Doctors for the Twenty-First Century by Education Balakrishnan (Kichu) R Nair AM
146. Major Reforms in Medical Education for an Interdependent World of 21st Century Pradeep Mishra
SECTION 22: General
147. The Whole Patient and not Part of Him or Her in Clinical Examination KV Thiruvengadam
148. My Tryst with Experience-based Medicine GS Sainani
SECTION 22: General
149. Hippocratic Oath: Revisiting in the Present Medical Scenario Mukti Bhatnagar, Abhishek Gupta
150. A Sound Mind in a Body: How True is it? Can Doctors Play
an Effective Role in this?
Ashutosh Ojha
151. Who will Care for the Doctor’s Health? Surendra Daga
152. Computer-related Illnesses and Facebook Syndrome:
What are they and How do we Tackle them?
Vitull K Gupta, Sonia Arora, Meghna Gupta
153. Global Warming: Impact on Global Health and on the
Indian Health Scenario in Particular
Maheshwari S, Basavaraj GT
154. Medical Tourism: Will this Help India’s Health? T Ravikumar
155. Future of Small Hospitals in India Anand Kate
156. Diversity of Culture: Its Influence on Health Care (Indian Scenario) V Venugopal
157. Use of Smartphones and its Applications in Medical Practice SV Kulkarni, Chitra S Kulkarni, Om S Kulkarni, Aditya S Kulkarni
158. Role of Physician in an Era of Superspecialization Alok Gupta
159. Quo Vadis Medicine… The Road Ahead for Physicians E Prabhu
160. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Review DJ Borah
161. Modern Medicine… Hope Or Hype Anil Chaturvedi
162. Effective Utilization of Web Search Engines: An Approach for Medical Practitioners RP Pareek
163. Emerging Role of High-Tech Medicine Asif Hasan, Muhammad Uwais Ashraf
164. India Needs Clinical not the High-Tech Medicine Jotideb Mukhopadhyay, Anup Sarkar,
Apratim Chatterjee
165 Approach to Low Back Pain Vikram A Londhey
SECTION 23: Molecular Medicine
166 Advances in Genomics and Proteomics: Their Role in Future of Molecular Medicine Harsha Gowda
167 Molecular Medicine Demystified Nikhil Moorchung
SECTION 24: Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
168 Changing Strategy in the Management of CAD with Cardiac SPECT and PET Myocardial Perfusion Studies BR Mittal
169 Empowering the Physicians with Radioisotopes in Clinically Challenging Situations Shrikant Solav
170 Empowerment of Physicians to Evaluate the Molecular Dynamics in the Body with Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography and Positron Emission Tomography PK Pradhan, S Jain
171 Cutting Edge 3 Tesla Cardiac MRI: How can it Benefit to Patients and Physicians? Alpa Hemant Bharati, Suleman A Merchant
172 Guidelines for Bariatric (Metabolic) Surgery for Indian Population P Praveen Raj, C Palanivelu
173 The Growing Threat of Chronic Venous Disease Prakash Ramamoorthy
174 Strategies to Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer Karthik Ghosh, Amit Ghosh
175 Role of Physician in Surgical Sepsis S Asokan
SECTION 26: Geriatrics
176 Treatment of Sepsis and Related Syndromes in the Elderly:
Indian Scenario
Yadati Sathyanarayana Raju
177 Health Issues in Geriatrics Santosh B Salagre
SECTION 27: Case Studies
178 An Interesting Case of Orange Colored Sweat SS Lakshmanan
179 Interesting Cases: Discussion Sudha Vidya Sagar
180 Endocrine Pictorial Continuing Medical Education Suresh Damodaran
SECTION 28: Quiz Program
181 Clinical Pearls Sandeep P Tamane
182 Empowering Environment T Geetha
183 Space Medicine AS Mohan
184 Sarcoidosis: An Update on Recent Advances Ghanshyam Pangtey, Gunjan Agarwal
185 Xenoestrogens: The Curse of Civilization VN Mishra